The Border Terrier was bred in the lowlands of Cheviot Hills, which separates Scotland and Northumberland in England, to help farmers protect the farm from pests. Then they gradually began to use it for corral and destruction of foxes, as well as in the hunt for otters, badgers and martens. Although the Border Terrier is relatively rare outside of its homeland today, it is still highly regarded as a companion dog and continues to be used on farms as a rodent hunter.
It is a fairly small, compact, lively, and extremely energetic dog. Border Terrier possesses vitality, resilience and endurance, he is strong, healthy and very good-natured. Like all herding dogs, the Border Terrier is capable of thinking and acting completely independently.
Good-natured and playful, the Border Terrier is very attached to the owner and constantly strives for communication and attention from his side. Dogs of this breed are calmer than it is typical for terriers of other breeds. They get along well with older children and are on friendly terms with other dogs. However, they should not be taken into a home with cats or other small pets. If left alone for a long time, the Border Terrier will begin to yearn, bark excessively and spoil the environment. For this reason, it is not recommended to take him to a family where everyone devotes their strength to the implementation of their career ambitions. The Border Terrier shuns strangers, but in general, the manifestation of aggression is not typical for him. Dogs of this breed are not recommended for beginner dog breeders, apathetic people, or for people prone to a sedentary lifestyle.
Wool and care
The Border Terrier is covered with a double coat that protects it from all kinds of weather. The outer layer is rough, wire-like, straight, with the hairs very close to the body. The undercoat is short and very dense. The color can be blue with brown, gray with brown, red, and wheaten. The muzzle is dark. Dogs of this breed do not shed at all. The Border Terrier requires weekly cleaning and twice a year the services of a professional groomer. You can bathe your dog only if absolutely necessary, using a shampoo of moderate severity, so as not to violate the natural protective properties of the coat. The Border Terrier has a very high pain threshold, it can endure severe pain and in general this dog rarely complains of any ailments. But this does not mean that he is not sick, it is necessary to carefully monitor his state of health in order to recognize the symptoms of ailment in time. Typical diseases for this breed are dysplasia, progressive retinal degeneration, cataracts, epilepsy, heart disease, and various allergies. The Border Terrier does not tolerate anesthesia well. It is important to monitor the diet and amount of food, as these dogs are prone to obesity.
Impatient and very eager to please the owner, the Border Terrier requires early socialization to prevent shyness, as well as an early course of general obedience. If you use overly strict or arbitrary methods in training, you can simply break the dog and only complicate the learning process. Lessons should be based on encouragement, motivation, praise, timely reward, respect for the dog, patience, and consistency. The Border Terrier displays particular talents in areas such as tracking, responsiveness, various competitions and, of course, hunting.
The Border Terrier needs daily and regular exercise and also enjoys doing the work it is used to. He loves to walk with the owner on a leash, take part in all kinds of family activities, play together and run free in a safe or securely fenced place. Dogs of this breed can live in a city apartment, provided that the owner provides them with the necessary physical activity, as well as stimulation of their lively and sharp mind.