Xoloitzcuintle : Dog Breed Description

The Xoloitzcuintle or Mexican Hairless Dog, or simple Xolo, is one of the rarest and oldest breeds in the world. It is believed to have been bred over 3000 years ago. The Aztecs prized it for its healing properties and divine origin. The Indians used the Xoloitzcuintle as a heating pad for rheumatism and considered this dog sacred. Until recently, the breed was on the verge of extinction, but through the efforts of enthusiasts, the population was restored.


A distinctive feature of the Xoloitzcuintle is its large, upright ears, reminiscent of the ears of a bat. Thanks to them, the dog hears very well. The Xoloitzcuintle is beautifully built, hardy, graceful and very agile. Experts classify them as “primitive dogs”.


Xoloitzcuintle is a very loyal dog that is strongly attached to its owner, giving him tenderness and love. Xoloitzcuintle is a guard dog, he will jealously defend his family, his home and his territory. At the same time, the Mexican hairless dog does not bark, but howls, paying attention to the danger threatening the family. Xoloitzcuintles get along well with the adolescents and dogs they grew up with. But this dog can be very aggressive towards a stranger. Xoloitzcuintle is very sensitive and emotional, alone he can destroy the entire apartment. And any, even minor, stress can lead a Mexican hairless dog to neurosis and digestive problems. Therefore, this breed is not recommended for inexperienced dog breeders.

Wool and care

Xoloitzcuintle is of two types: bald and with wool. The bald Xoloitzcuintle has small tufts of hair on the crown and tip of the tail. His skin is smooth and soft, it is quite resistant to various external influences. Those Xoloitzcuintles with coats have short, smooth and shiny coats. They do not shed or smell. Therefore, they are hypoallergenic. Xoloitzcuintle is not designed for cold climates, so if the weather worsens, it should be dressed in a sweater or coat. Skin health is extremely important in caring for this dog. It should only be washed if absolutely necessary. In summer, be sure to use sunscreen and lotions, but don’t overuse them. they can clog pores and cause acne. Woolly Xoloitzcuintle requires minimal grooming. This breed is prone to early tooth loss, food allergies, skin infections and drug sensitivity.


Early and intense socialization is essential for the Xoloitzcuintle. He learns quickly if he is coached by a good teacher. Training must be rigorous, fair and consistent, and the dog must be treated with respect and love. The Xoloitzcuintle responds well to its owner and is an excellent working dog and is also suitable for therapy.


Xoloitzcuintle is able to live in a city apartment. He is not very active, so he can safely walk on a leash or sunbathe in a courtyard with a strong fence. It must be remembered that in cold weather the Xoloitzcuintle should not leave the house without clothes.

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!